The term Gigahertz emerges as a result of measuring the amount of data transmission of any processor within a clock. The 2.4 GHz and 5 Ghz we mentioned in the title are modem or router frequencies. These frequencies appear when providing wireless internet access. These terms can be confusing when purchasing a wireless internet device.
The frequency bands you can use in wireless internet devices are divided into 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz. These bandwidths affect your internet connection speed. The most obvious difference between the two bandwidths is this internet speed. The speeds provided by both bandwidths are as follows: 2.4 GHZ supports up to 600 MBps, 5 GHz supports up to 1300 MBps. Of course, this is not the only difference between them. Most modems and routers that provide wireless internet use 2.4 Ghz bandwidth. The result of this is a more crowded line. But in addition to being crowded, the wall can provide better connectivity in areas where floor height and distance are far. It can work perfectly indoors. The reason for this is that networks using the 2.4GHz bandwidth provide a wider bandwidth and longer frequency waves than networks using 5 Ghz. As we mentioned above, since many devices operate in the 2.4Ghz band range, there will be congestion in network traffic and may cause disruptions in data transfer.
In the 5 GHz band range, there is less congestion and cleaner data transfer. Its biggest advantage is the ability to transfer data at higher speeds. This speed greatly increases both your download and upload speeds. As a disadvantage, since the frequency wavelengths are shorter than 2.4Ghz, it is not suitable for use over long distances and in areas where there are walls and floor differences. There will be breaks in the data flow and an unhealthy connection.
With technology constantly advancing and improving itself, there are now devices that provide double bandwidth at the same time. On these devices, you can choose which bandwidth you will use via the interface. On devices that work this way, you can only use one bandwidth at a time. On devices that work simultaneously, broadcasting can be done on two bands at the same time. This will give you the chance to make choices during the connection.
Which One Should Be Used?
This question actually depends on your purpose and area of use. 2.4 GHz may be preferred for high floors, walls and long distance. For crowded places such as apartments, 5 GHz bandwidth will be less used in your own apartment, so it can be preferred due to its higher data speeds and a more stable internet connection.